An insight into tooth discoloration, causes, types, at gum line, between teeth, in babies, painful, home remedies, prevention and pictures.
What causes tooth Discoloration?
Ever looked yourself in the mirror and wondered how the teeth got so yellow? Most of us have done that. Because yellowing might happen slowly, it may easily be overlooked. Luckily, yellowing teeth is not an indication of a serious medical condition.
And while it might be very disheartening and confidence-shattering to feel like you’ve lost the best accessory—which is the bright, white smile—you may get it back. For starters, be aware of what leads to yellowing, and how you may avoid or even limit exposure to the things.
You’re Getting Older
Your teeth might also start yellowing as a natural part of aging process. This occurs as the strong, white protective coating on the teeth, called the enamel, fades over a period of time due to everyday wear and tear on teeth.
You’re a Smoker
Tobacco products, especially from cigarettes and also pipe smoke, stain teeth. If you take these products, then the teeth will darken over a period of time.
Your Oral Hygiene Is Lacking
When you do not routinely brush, floss or even rinse your mouth to get rid of the plaque build-up and also the tartar, this may hasten teeth discoloration.
You’re on Medication
Certain medications, like the antibiotics doxycycline and also the tetracycline, may darken the teeth of children who are younger than 10 years old. Some of the antihistamines, drugs that are used for high blood pressure and also the antipsychotic medications may also stain adult teeth.
Go over any such potential side effects of medications which you are currently, or might start taking, with your physician.
You Have an Illness
A less common reason for teeth discoloration may be either a disease which affects enamel, or the treatment of a disease, like chemotherapy or radiation that is used to treat cancer. In this particular case, the discoloration is more of a brownish color.
The Yellow Is in Your Genes
It also might be possible that you inherited enamel which is more yellow than that of other people whose genes might differ. If you see that the teeth are more yellow than you’d want to have, you can be able to fix the issue by use of several whitening strips, toothpastes and rinses so as to restore the bright smile.
Types of Tooth Discoloration
Intrinsic Teeth Stain Removal
Intrinsic stains refer to staining of dentin, the sensitive tissue which usually lies below the enamel. This layer naturally takes a darker color, which may then be seen if the enamel wears away because of poor mouth health. There are several possible reasons for the type of staining, which includes exposure to tetracycline antibiotics when a person was a child or physical trauma to teeth.
These stains usually originate inside the teeth, so you won’t remove them at home using a whitening toothpaste. Instead, at-home whitening kits or even a professional treatment by the dentist might be able to get rid of these stains; the active ingredients in the bleaches are meant to deep stains in addition to surface teeth discoloration you can get rid of them yourself.
Even the most stubborn intrinsic stains might be camouflaged with the restorative methods like bonding or capping. Bonding applies a tooth-colored composite resin to the surface of the stained teeth and then contours it into the correct shape.
Once the resin is cured, smoothed and then polished, the original white color of the teeth is then restored. Crowning, involves placing tooth-colored caps on top of stained teeth, which then hides the staining. Your dentist might assist you choose which method is good for you.
Extrinsic Teeth Stain Removal
Extrinsic stains is the staining of enamel, which is the hard surface that protects the more nervous dentin and also the pulp. Enamel comes into contact with everything eaten or drunk, though, and over a period of time it absorbs the pigments that are left over by the foods and also the beverages.
Red pasta sauce, curry and also the berries may have the effect on teeth, as can common drinks such as soda, coffee and red wine. Tobacco, whether it’s smoked or even chewed, is another cause of staining.
Due to these stains being on the outer layer of your teeth – unlike intrinsic – you may usually get rid of them using the whitening toothpastes. These works by gently brushing the surface of enamel, which allows them to lift stains slowly as you scrub them.
If whitening toothpaste isn’t enough, see your dentist; professional dental cleanings usually produce similar cleaning so as to tackle surface stains, most of which may be removed in this particular way.
To prevent tooth discoloration from recurring immediately, make sure that you avoid consumption of stain-causing products for days after whitening the teeth.
Age-Related Teeth Stains
Most of these changes occur throughout the body as a person gets older, and the teeth are no exception. Specifically, two changes happen in mouth: the dentin gets darker and the enamel gets a lot thinner. Together the changes makes the teeth to be visibly discolored through no fault of your own.
This form of staining isn’t brought about by discoloration of enamel, so treatments penetrates into your dentin will be needed. Although whitening toothpaste won’t be enough, the dentist might recommend an at-home bleaching kit or even professional in-office whitening treatment, as oral bleaches can get rid of the deeper stains.
Because of the natural thinning of enamel, the teeth might still appear darker than you’d like after whitening treatments. If you’re still not very happy with the look of the teeth, then the dentist may cover the thin enamel using restorations such as bonding or crowns. These particular treatments will conceal any given discoloration that originates from dentin.
When in doubt, see the dentist for guidance on a brighter smile. He is trained in ensuring that teeth stain removal lasts, helping you make the teeth white again and also for good.
Tooth Discoloration at Gum Line
Naturally Darker Gums
A natural reason which a person might have darker gums which are dark brown is the skin pigment balance. Just as skin color may vary, so is the gum color. For some other people, normally of non-Caucasian descent, gums may have spotted darkness or might not be even pink at all.
This is because of the increase of melanin production and is as normal as the skin of one individual being darker than the skin of another person.
Cigarettes and Medication
Some people might have discolored gums due to smoking cigarettes or taking some medications like minocycline or metal-based crown fillings. If you notice some gum discoloration after starting to take a new medication, then consult the doctor for possible alternatives.
Disease & Conditions
There are several other reasons for tooth discoloration which can lead to a huge concern. First is acute necrotizing periodontal disease, also known as the black gum disease. This particular black discoloration of gums is because of the dead tissue, or the necrosis.
This is a very serious health issue, having several symptoms which also includes bleeding gums and also a foul smelling mouth. Along with having improper oral care, the causes of the disease includes stress, viral infections, and also HIV.
If left untreated, then the disease may spread to the cartilage and then bone, leading to serious health concerns. You may treat this disease using antibiotics or by surgically getting rid of the dead tissue.
Another condition which may make the gums to appear gray in color is the acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis. This particular condition creates a gray film which builds up on top of gums. This is brought about by poor dental hygiene, but is rarely seen nowadays.
The disease often known as “trench mouth,” as the World War I soldiers would normally contract the disease after not taking care of their mouth for some weeks at a time.
Tooth Discoloration and Pain
When decay gets near to the pulp, and is not treated in time, then the nerve will die off. This is because of the inflammatory response from healthy pulp trying to remove the bacteria that is found in the cavity.
But all it can succeed in doing is ‘choking’ the blood vessels by raising the pressure which is inside the pulp. The blood supply is then cut off and the pulp is rendered dead.
Tooth trauma is the other common cause. Sports injuries, falling on front teeth and assault are among the suspects. When a person is knocked, then the blood supply at the tip of root may be severed, leading to the pulp dying off.
Prevention of such given dental injuries is still ideal – contact sports players should wear a gum-shield.
Here are the common symptoms of teeth discoloration which might arise:
- The tooth darkens to one of a variety of grey and also black shades. This occurs to the majority of untreated non-vital teeth, given some period of time.
The discolored look is essentially because of ‘bruising’ from the dying cells. This darkening will not disappear by itself; it will require some kind of treatment.
- There may be pain that is present. This may vary from being extreme at the time that the nerve is actually dying off, to being mild or even non-existent in some other cases.
- Infection might happen. If there is an abscess, you might see some swelling, odor or a ‘pimple’ on the gum. Dead teeth may smell or even give a bad taste because of the pus being expelled from infection present.
It’s crucial to note that there might be no symptoms with the problem. You might have the issue without any clue of its existence. Another reason to get to the dentist for the regular check-ups
Tooth Discoloration between Teeth
There are many reasons why teeth might darken. These are:
- Foods/drinks: Coffee, tea, wines, and certain fruits and vegetables
- Tobacco use: Smoking or even chewing tobacco may stain teeth.
- Poor dental hygiene: Inadequate brushing and also flossing to get rid of plaque and stain-producing substances such as coffee and tobacco may lead to tooth discoloration.
- Disease: Several diseases which affects the enamel (the hard surface of teeth) and also the dentin (the underlying material that is under enamel) formation can cause tooth discoloration. In addition, treatments for some of the conditions may also affect the tooth color.
For instance, head and neck radiation and also chemotherapy can lead to teeth discoloration. In addition, some infections in pregnant mothers may lead to tooth discoloration in infant by affecting the enamel development.
- Medications: The antibiotic tetracycline is a known to discolor teeth when given to children whose teeth are still developing. Mouth rinses and also washes having chlorhexidine and cetylpyridinium chloride may also stain teeth. Antihistamines, antipsychotic drugs, and antihypertensive medications might also lead to teeth discoloration.
- Dental materials: Some of the materials that are used in dentistry, like amalgam restorations, especially silver sulfide-containing materials, may cast a black color to the teeth.
- Advancing age: As you get older, the outer layer of enamel on teeth gets worn away thus revealing the natural yellow color of the dentin. Also with aging, the tooth lays down more amount of dentin, which then decreases the size of pulp. This then reduces the translucency of tooth, which then leads to a darker appearance.
Tooth Discoloration in Babies
Baby teeth, also known as the primary teeth, are usually whiter than the adult permanent teeth as they are more calcified. Baby teeth discoloration can be due to for several reasons, including:
- Inadequate brushing. If baby teeth aren’t brushed as required, bacteria might form on teeth — which may cause teeth discoloration.
- Medication use. Infant medications having iron, like supplemental vitamins, might lead to stains on baby teeth. Taking the antibiotic tetracycline during pregnancy or even breast-feeding may make the child to have teeth discoloration, too.
- Tooth injury. A teeth discoloration may be due to bleeding within the teeth because of dental trauma.
- Weak enamel. A genetic problem with the enamel formation might cause discolored baby teeth.
- Excessive fluoride. Regularly mixing powdered or even liquid concentrate infant formula with the fluoridated water increases the child’s risk of developing faint lines or streaks on teeth if these kinds of formula are the child’s main source of food.
- Illness. Some children can develop baby teeth with a yellow hue if they are born with a condition in which there is a lot of bilirubin in blood (hyperbilirubinemia).
If the teeth discoloration is brought about by poor dental hygiene, then a more thorough brushing can assist. Until the child learns to spit use a smear of fluoride toothpaste which is no bigger than the size of a grain of rice.
To keep the child’s mouth healthy, avoid filling the child’s bottle with liquids like sugar water or soft drinks and don’t put him to bed with a bottle. Also, don’t share eating utensils with the child. This may spread cavity-causing bacteria. If the child uses a pacifier, then never dip it in honey or sugar.
How to Get Rid of Tooth Discoloration Using Home Remedies
- Baking Soda
Baking soda is normally considered to be the best ingredient that is used for treatment of teeth discoloration. Put two tablespoons of the baking soda in a cup of cold water. Stir the solution. Now use the solution as a whitening solution. Rinse the mouth three times a day with the home-made mouthwash. It can reduce the stains.
Instead of preparing a mouthwash, you may also use it as toothpaste. Dilute some amount of baking soda. Scrub the teeth with the diluted soda for some minutes. Follow the process for about thrice a week to get glittering teeth.
Excessive use of the baking soda may damage the enamel.
Lemon is indicated due to its immune-boosting power and healing properties. Lemon is not only used for the skin diseases, but also used for whitening of teeth. Take out the juice of lemon and mix it with some amount of water. Rinse mouth with the water.
Or scrub the teeth directly using the lemon peel so as to make them white.
Another way is adding some amount of salt in a few drops of the lemon juice. Use the mixture on stained teeth. Now, rub the toothpaste over teeth and gums. Leave it for some minutes. After sometime, rinse mouth using the normal water. Practice it twice a day so as to prevent teeth from yellow stains.
Strawberries are usually rich in Vitamin C. It acts as a natural cleanser to remove different tooth discoloration. Take 3 strawberries; crush them so as to form a paste. Rub the paste on teeth, gently. For better results, practice it about two times a day for three weeks.
You may also add half teaspoon of the baking soda in strawberry paste. Spread it onto teeth and leave it for some minutes. After rinsing mouth thoroughly, brush the teeth with the toothpaste to get rid of the remains.
- Holy Basil
Holy basil is a natural remedy that is used for whitening teeth. It may not only whiten teeth, but also provide some kind of relief from several gum problems, such as bleeding gums. Put some amount of basil leaves in direct sun. When it gets dried, crush them so as to form a powder. Use it for regular brushing.
Alternatively, take some leaves; crush them and mix with the powder with mustard oil. Use the paste on teeth. Orange peel powder may also be used in place of mustard oil.
Apple assists in increasing production of saliva. It also assists to maintain a fresh and clean breath, avoiding teeth discoloration. Eat an apple a day to get rid of stains from teeth. It is to be kept in mind that apple is to be chewed properly so as to extract malic acid. The fibres assists in removing the stains.
Salt is the easily available ingredient you can use to get rid of tooth discoloration. It is normally considered as the best dental cleansing agent for teeth whitening. It assists in refilling the lost minerals of teeth and thus regain whiteness. Salt may be used as a tooth powder so as to clean teeth. Salt may also be used with charcoal so as to whiten teeth. You may also add some amount of salt with baking soda and then rub it on teeth to reduce the yellow stains.
Activated charcoal is used to get rid of impurities from water getting rid of teeth discoloration. Powerful crystals of charcoal are usually used for whitening teeth. Mix some amount of charcoal powder with the regular toothpaste. Brush with it two times a day.
Instead of charcoal, ashes of the burnt rosemary and also bread may be used.
- Margosa (Neem)
Margosa twigs can be used in form of toothbrush to deal with teeth discoloration. Chew branches of margosa for getting rid of yellow stains and also prevent teeth problems. It assists in maintaining proper health of teeth. It is indicated for antiseptic and also astringent properties, which assists in curing of the dental cavities and also bad breath.
Mix some margosa oil with the regular toothpaste. Gently use it so as to brush your teeth.
How to Prevent Teeth Discoloration
Drink using a straw. This assists to keep stains away when drinking soda, juice, or even iced coffee or tea. The liquid won’t get near the front surfaces of teeth.
Brush, floss, and rinse using the antibacterial mouthwash. All this can assist you fight plaque, a white, hard material which forms on teeth. It makes them to be sticky and gives stains something that can used to hold on to.
- Tooth Discoloration: https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/tooth-discoloration
- My child’s baby teeth seem discolored: http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/infant-and-toddler-health/expert-answers/baby-teeth/faq-20057765
- 29 Home Remedies for Teeth Whitening: https://homeremedyshop.com/29-home-remedies-for-teeth-whitening/
- Tips to Keep Your Teeth Stain-Free: http://www.webmd.com/oral-health/healthy-mouth-15/beautiful-smile/stains-teeth
- Three Types Of Teeth Stains And How To Remove Them: http://www.colgate.com/en/us/oc/oral-health/cosmetic-dentistry/teeth-whitening/article/teeth-stain-removal-types-0116
- Gum Discoloration: What Causes Gums to Turn Black or White: http://www.watertowerdentalcare.com/blog/food-for-thought/gum-discoloration-causes-gums-turn-black-white/